M1 Garand serial number / stock cartouche list


The stamps were put on the rifles to show that 3 things had been done:

1. Checked for working condition
2. Fired with proof round and checked for damage
3. Accepted by the Ordnance Department

The maker's mark and Ordnance wheel went on the left side of the stock below the back end of the receiver. The circled 'P' went on the pistol grip halfway between the trigger guard and bottom.

I will list the main stamps by manufacturer in sequence of use, plus other stamps put on .

Springfield Armory

S/N 1-80 did not have any stamps.
S/N 81-78,000 1936- October 1940
S. A. / S. P. G. (Springfield Armory / Stanley P. Gibbs, Inspector). Dimensions are .75" by .81".
There are 2 versions of the S.A./S.P.G. stamp: This version is almost square with rounded corners and shorter lettering. There is also a more rectangular version with taller lettering. Mr. Gibbs used it on Post WW2 rebuilds.
Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark on the pistol grip. It did not have serifs.
The drawing number D28292 was on the stock between the pistol grip and the hole for the sling loop.
The front hand guard had the drawing number C46006. The rear hand guard had the drawing number C46005.
The drawing numbers were used on rifles in the serial number range 81 to 22,000.

S/N 78,000- 84,000, October 1940- November 1940.
S. A. / G.H.S. (Springfield Armory / Gilbert H. Stewart, Commanding Officer) The other stamp used on the stocks was the circled 'P' proof mark (without serifs) on the pistol grip.
There are 2 versions of this stamp: This square version with shorter lettering, and a rectangular version with taller lettering.
S/N 78,000- 588,000 October 1940- April 1942.
The change from the unserifed "P" to the serifed "P" ocurred at about s/n 425,000.
S. A. / G.H.S. (Springfield Armory / Gilbert H. Stewart, Commanding Officer) Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with or without serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .72" in diameter.
S/N 377,000- 691,000, November 1941 - June 1942.
The change from the unserifed "P" to the serifed "P" ocurred at about s/n 425,000.
S. A. / G.H.S. (Springfield Armory / Gilbert H. Stewart, Commanding Officer) Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with or without serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter.

S/N 665,000 - 730,000 June 1942 - July 1942
S. A. / E.McF. (Springfield Armory / Earl McFarland). Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .72" in diameter. A small .188" Ordnance Wheel was stamped on the bottom of the pistol grip.

The large Ordnance Wheel continued to be used occasionally with the S.A./E.McF., S.A./G.A.W., AND S.A./N.F.R. cartouches until WWII ended.
There are no specific serial number ranges for its use.
Stamps applied as part of the refinishing process.
S/N 665,000- 2,092,000 June 1942-October 1943
S. A. / E.McF. (Springfield Armory / Earl McFarland). Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter. A small .188" Ordnance Wheel was stamped on the bottom of the pistol grip.
Stamps applied to stock already finished.

S/N 1,978,000-3,627,000 August 1943- March 1945
S. A. / G.A.W. (Springfield Armory / George A. Woody). Even though George A. Woody died in August 1944, his inspection stamps remained in the Stamp Racks until March of 1945. An overlap with the SA/NFR stamp. Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter. A small .188" Ordnance Wheel was stamped on the bottom of the pistol grip.

S/N 3,272,000-3,870,000 November 1944- June 1945
S. A. / N.F.R. (Springfield Armory / Norman F. Ramsey). Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter. A small .188" Ordnance Wheel was stamped on the bottom of the pistol grip.
Stamps applied to a stock already finished.

Used on new production rifles of S/N range 3,870,000 - 3,888,081 June 1945 - November 1945
S/N 81-3,888,081 Rebuild program. November 1945-December 1947
S. A. / S.H.M. (Springfield Armory / Steven H. McGregor). Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter.

S/N 81-3,888,081. Rebuild program. December 1947-June 1950
S. A. / S.P.G. (Springfield Armory / Stanley P. Gibbs). S/N 1 WAS NOT REBUILT. IT IS IN THE SPRINGFIELD ARMORY MUSEUM. Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter.

S/N 4,200,000-4,350,000 July 1950- September 1953
S. A. / J.L.G. (Springfield Armory / James L. Guidon). Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .437" in diameter.
Stamps applied to stock already finished.

S/N 4,320,000-6,099,905 June 1953-June 1957
Department of Defense Acceptance Stamp (Eagle with 3 stars) .50" by .50". Other stamp used on the stocks was the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip.
Stamps applied to stock already finished.

Winchester Repeating Arms

S/N 100,101-120,000 July 1940- July 1941 W.R.A. / R.S. (Winchester Repeating Arms / Robert Sears). Stamp is 1" by 1". Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .47" in diameter. A 2 or 3 digit number was stamped on the front face of the stock. This was covered by the ferrule.

S/N 120,000- 132,000 July 1941- December 1941 W.R.A. / W.B. in box (Winchester Repeating Arms / Waldemar Broberg). Stamp is 1" by 1". Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .47" in diameter. A 2 or 3 digit number was stamped on the front face of the stock. This was covered by the ferrule.
Stamps applied to a stock already finished.

S/N 132,000- 1,210,000 December 1941- June 1942 W.R.A. / W.B. not in box. (Winchester Repeating Arms / Waldemar Broberg). Stamp is 1" by 1". Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .47" in diameter. A 2 or 3 digit number was stamped on the front face of the stock. This was covered by the ferrule.
These stamps were applied to a stock with no finish.

S/N 1,210,000-1,260,000. June 1942- October 1942 WRA / GHD (Winchester Repeating Arms / Guy H. Drewry). Stamp is 1" by 1". Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .47" in diameter. A 2 or 3 digit number was stamped on the front face of the stock. This was covered by the ferrule.

S/N 1,260,000-2,536,000 October 1942- July 1945. WRA / GHD (Winchester Repeating Arms / Guy H. Drewry). Stamp is .82" by .75". Other stamps used on the stocks were the circled 'P' proof mark (with serifs) on the pistol grip, and the Ordnance Wheel with Crossed Cannons. The wheel was .47" in diameter. A 2 or 3 digit number was stamped on the front face of the stock. This was covered by the ferrule.
Stamps applied to stock already finished.

Stamps applied during refinishing process.

International Harvester

S/N 4,440,000- 4,499,000 January-Fall(?) 1953 Ordnance Wheel on left or right side of stock. Wheel is .44" in diameter. The other stamp used was the circle 'P' proof mark, with and without serifs. Inside the barrel channel was an 'OR' followed by a 4 digit number. The stocks were made by the Overton Corp., which was also making M1 carbine replacement stocks. The 'OR' stood for 'Overton Rifle'. I have also seen 'HR', but don't know the manufacturer The first 3 digits were the Julian date, the last digit was the year ('2' for '1952').
Early stocks had a 3/16" high unserifed "P" stamped on the pistol grip instead of the larger circled "P". I don't have this stamp, and am not sure of the serial number range.

S/N 4,450,000- end of production. Department of Defense Acceptance Stamp, .50" by .50". On left side of stock. The other stamp used was the circle 'P' proof mark, with and without serifs. Inside the barrel channel was an 'OR' followed by a 4 digit number. The first 3 digits were the Julian date, the last digit was the year ('2' through '5' for '1952' through '1955')..

Harrington and Richardson Arms

Harrington and Richardson
S/N 4,660,001 - 4.664,000
Ordnance Wheel on left side with circle "P" WITH serifs on bottom of stock in back of trigger guard.

S/N 4,661,000 - 5,609,000
Department of Defense Acceptance Stamp, 3/8" by 3/8" on left side of stock. The other stamp used was the circle 'P' proof mark, without serifs.
Stamp applied to stock already finished.
S/N 5,561,000 - end of production Department of Defense Acceptance Stamp, 1/2" by 1/2" on left side of stock. The other stamp used was the circle 'P' proof mark, without serifs.
Stamp applied to stock already finished.

Walnut stocks were used in the manufacture of M1 Garands.
Birch stocks were made AFTER rifle production ended in 1957.
Walnut is browner, birch is yellower.


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